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Epidemiology Questions

EPIDEMIOLOGY

Multiple Choice Questions: 

 

1.      One of the fundamental premises underlying the study of epidemiology is…

  1. disease, illness and ill health are randomly distributed in a population.
  2. disease, illness and ill health are not randomly distributed in a population.
  3. Disease, illness and ill health are only randomly distributed in large populations.
  4. Disease, illness and ill health are very rarely distributed in large populations.

  

2.      During the 20th century, the U.S.experienced a change in leading causes of death…

  1. from primarily infectious diseases to primarily chronic diseases.
  2. From primarily chronic diseases to infectious diseases
  3. Due to increases in infant mortality and decreases in diseases affecting the elderly.
  4. Due to decreases in infant mortality and decreases in diseases affecting the elderly.

 

3.      Fluoridation of water would be an example of
    A.     A primary prevention strategy
  1. A secondary prevention strategy
  2. A tertiary prevention strategy
  3. It is not a prevention strategy

 

4.      During the 19thcentury, John Snow…

  1. proved his miasmatic theory of disease using shoe leather epidemiology.
  2. proved that cholera was spread through contaminated water by conducting natural experiments.
  3. was the first anesthesiologist to use chloroform on a woman in labor.
  4. hypothesized that cholera was primarily due to overcrowded conditions and malnutrition.

 

5.      A researcher is interested in recording the number of individuals in a particular geographic region who have a common cold at some point during the month of February 2001.  Which of the following measures of morbidity would be most appropriate in answering this question?

 

  1. Point Prevalence
  2. Period prevalence
  3. Cumulative Incidence
  4. Incidence Density

 

6.      A researcher is interested in knowing how many new cases of the measles developed at St. Theresa’s Elementary School in April 2001.  Assuming that no children enrolled during that month, and no children moved during that month (all children were followed for the entire month), which measure of morbidity would be most appropriate in answering this question?

 

  1. Prevalence
  2. Point prevalence
  3. Cumulative Incidence
  4. Incidence Density

 

7.      Which of the following is not a primary requirement for conducting screening for disease control

 

  1. Prevalence of the disease should be high in the population under study
  2. There should be a favorable prognosis for early treatment of the disease
  3. The government should fund the program.
  4. The disease should be serious

 

8.      It is assumed that diseases can be transmitted directly or indirectly.  A vector such as a mosquito is an example of…

  1. direct disease transmission
  2. indirect disease transmission
  3. single exposure
  4. common vehicle exposure

9.      The resistance of a population to an attack by a disease to which a large proportion of the members of the group are immune is referred to as…

 

  1. group resistance
  2. population immunogenesis
  3. herd immunity
  4. the Panum Effect

 

10. The attack rate in susceptible people who have been exposed to a primary case is referred to as

 

  1. The attack rate
  2. The post primary attack rate
  3. The secondary attack rate
  4. The person-to-person attack rate

 

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